Archive for November, 2007
1 r Hêtres 77160 PROVINS
mobile : 06 10 86 86 51
146 bd Camelinat 92240 MALAKOFF
01 42 53 99 41
ADSL, N° à tarif spécial :
0 142 53 21 94
these are the two Calle´s I found in the French phonedirectory. Will call them up to see if any one of them is my Sophie
regarding the biography on Sophie Calle, I think Im beginning to see the light at the end of the tunnel. After having spent days indulging in her work, her friends and artist relationships, boyfriends, husbands, gifts, art and writing I feel like Im gettint to a point where the project is about to take form. I really like the ideas that are growing in my head, about voyeurism, feminist art versus art in general (i.e the heteronorm, i.e male art). Why she works the way she does, where it takes her and us, and why, and the consequences her work has on the viewer. It is impossible to leave her work without feeling the need to talk about it, pick it apart, deconstruct and build back up again. Im at the same time in love with her, and also I find her slightly repulsive and her work voyeuristic and slightly sociopathic.
I wish to obsess with Sophie, and Im finding it rather a bit too easy to do so, as she herself and her work almost implore you to do so.
Im in love with Sophie Calle
I am Sophie Calle
Sophie Calle (born 1953) is a French writer, photographer, installation artist, and conceptual artist. Her work frequently depicts human vulnerability, and examines identity and intimacy. She is recognized for her detective-like ability to follow strangers and investigate their private lives.
Although much of her work employs voyeurism, Calle has allowed her own life to be put on display as well. She became so intrigued by following her unwitting subjects that she wanted to reverse the relationship, and become the subject herself. She asked her mother to hire a private detective to follow her, without the detective knowing that she had arranged it, with the hopes that his investigation would provide photographic evidence of her existence.
In Suite Venitienne (1979), Calle followed a man she met at a party in Paris to Venice, where she disguised herself and followed him around the city, photographing him. Calle’s surveillance of the man, who she identifies only as Henri B., includes photographs accompanied by text
(from Middle English stalk: from Old English bestealcian; akin to Old English stelan to steal) is a legal term for repeated harassment or other forms of invasion of a person’s privacy in a manner that causes fear to its target.
Statutes vary between jurisdiction but may include such acts as:
repeated physical following unwanted contact (by letter or other means of communication)
observing a person’s actions closely for an extended period of time
contacting family members, friends, or associates inappropriately. Stalking can also include seeking and obtaining the person’s personal information in order to contact them; e.g. looking for their details on computers, electoral rolls, personal files and other material with the person’s personal details without their consent. Personal details include their date of birth, marital status, home address, email address, telephone number (landline and mobile), where they work, or which school, college or university they go to; and personal information on their family and friends and any other sensitive and confidential information (e.g. medical conditions and disabilities etc.)
According to the United States National Center for Victims of Crime, one out of every 12 women and one out of every 45 men will be stalked during their lifetime.
Gender studies in stalking pathology. The great majority of stalkers are male. The demographic characteristics and psychiatric status of male and female stalkers do not differ, except that male stalkers are more likely to have a history of criminal offenses and substance abuse. The duration of the time invested in stalking and the frequency of associated violence were equivalent between male and female stalkers. Women are more likely to target someone they have known, such as a professional contact and rarely target strangers. Both male and female stalkers are more likely to target females than males. Men very rarely target other men.
In “A Study of Women Who Stalk”, by Purcell, Pathé and Mullen, the authors concluded that the two major psychiatric variables that differentiate female from male stalkers are the motivations for stalking and the choice of victims. Female stalkers more often seek intimacy with their victim, who is usually someone they already know. Victims frequently work in professional helping roles such as doctors, nurses, therapists and counselors. Context was found to differ, but the conclusion was that the intrusiveness and harmfulness did not. Female stalkers are potentially as dangerous as any male stalker.
Types of stalkers (individual)
Psychologists tend to group individuals who stalk into two categories: psychotic and nonpsychotic. Many stalkers have pre-existing psychotic disorders such as delusional disorder, schizoaffective disorder, or schizophrenia. Most stalkers are nonpsychotic and exhibit disorders or neuroses such as major depression, adjustment disorder, or substance dependence, as well as a variety of Axis II personality disorders, such as antisocial, avoidant, borderline, dependent, narcissistic, or paranoia. The nonpsychotic stalkers’ pursuit of victims can be influenced by various psychological factors, including anger and hostility, projection of blame, obsession, dependency, minimization and denial, and jealousy. Conversely, as is more commonly the case, the stalker has no antipathic feelings towards the victim, but simply a longing that cannot be fulfilled due to either in their personality or their society’s norms.
In “A Study of Stalkers,” Mullen et al (2000)   identify seven types of stalkers:
Rejected stalkers: pursue their victims in order to reverse, correct, or avenge a rejection (e.g. divorce, separation, termination).
Resentful stalkers: pursue a vendetta because of a sense of grievance against the victims – motivated mainly by the desire to frighten and distress the victim.
Intimacy seekers: The intimacy seeker seeks to establish an intimate, loving relationship with their victim. To them, the victim is a long sought-after soul mate, and they were ‘meant’ to be together.
Eroto-manic stalker: This stalker believes that the victim is in love with them. The erotomaniac reinterprets what their victim says and does to support the delusion, and is convinced that the imagined romance will eventually become a permanent union. They often target a celebrity or a person of a higher social status (though it is important to note, not all celebrity stalkers are erotomaniacs).
Incompetent suitor: despite poor social/courting skills, have a fixation, or in some cases a sense of entitlement to an intimate relationship with those who have attracted their amorous interest. Their victims are most often already in a dating relationship with someone else.
Predatory stalker: spy on the victim in order to prepare and plan an attack – usually sexual – on the victim.
Many stalkers fit categories with paranoia disorders. Intimacy-seeking stalkers often have delusional disorders that are secondary to preexisting psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. With rejected stalkers, the continual clinging to a relationship of an inadequate or dependent person couples with the entitlement of the narcissistic personality, and the persistent jealousy of the paranoid personality. In contrast, resentful stalkers demonstrate an almost “pure culture of persecution,” with delusional disorders of the paranoid type, paranoid personalities, and paranoid schizophrenia.
Effects of stalking
Stalking does not consist of single incidents, but is a continuous process. Stalking can be a terrifying experience for victims, placing them at risk of psychological trauma, and possible physical harm. As Rokkers writes, “Stalking is a form of mental assault, in which the perpetrator repeatedly, unwantedly, and disruptively breaks into the life-world of the victim, with whom they have no relationship (or no longer have)….Moreover, the separated acts that make up the intrusion cannot by themselves cause the mental abuse, but do taken together (cumulative effect)
When a boyfriend dumped her by email, French artist Sophie Calle asked 100 women to read it – and became the star of the Venice Biennale, reports Angelique Chrisafis
Saturday June 16, 2007
Picture this. You’re one of France’s best-known living conceptual artists. You’re 51 and visiting Berlin. Your mobile beeps, it’s an email from your boyfriend. In a hideously self-absorbed message about human emotion, he dumps you electronically, saying it hurts him more than you. He signs off: “Take care of yourself.” You’re heartbroken. Then you think of its potential as art.
Sophie Calle has filled the French pavilion of the Venice Biennale with a praised exhibition about her emailed dumping letter. Over two years later, she distributed the missive to 107 women professionals, photographed them reading it and invited them to analyse it, according to their job. The ex’s grammar and syntax have been torn apart by a copy editor, his manners rubbished by an etiquette consultant and his lines pored over by Talmudic scholars. He has been re-ordered by a crossword-setter, evaluated by a judge, shot up by a markswoman, second-guessed by a chess player and performed by actress Jeanne Moreau. A forensic psychiatrist decided he was a “twisted manipulator”. The temple to a woman scorned is entitled “Take care of yourself” (Prenez soin de vois), immortalising lines that Calle, if she hadn’t had recourse to the international art world, might have read again and again in tears.
initially I started this project with the idea, or concept of control. Im interested in the notion of control, who has it, to whom is it directed and why, and how do we adhere to the notion of being controlled/controlling?
My ideas consisted of making me the controlled, and submitting myself to being looked upon 24/7 through a tracking device. I was to wear a transmitter which would send signals to a device which then transformed that information into 0 and 1 on the internet. The idea was that anyone could see where I was at all times. Sort of like a BigBrother concept. Without any luck on that front I almost gave up on my idea, but after a somewhat disasterous friday session in which my other “lesser” idea was pitched to it´s and my ultimate demise, I decided on giving control one more go. This time I went about it slightly different, I took Lukes and Petes critique to heart about how I am a very Big Ideas-person, and that I should try to stay put and consider the development more rather than the final outcome. So I sat down and wrote down exactly what it was I wanted, I formulated a question; What is it about control I am interested in?
For me the real interest lies in the hidden control, the control we adhere to every day in many different ways, but I focussed on one area, namely that of cctv. I specifically chose this subject as London is the cctv capital of the world, and yet we see little or no debate about it, and we submit to being viewed over 300 times a day without questioning it.
click here to have a look at one of my favourite books called “Days of War, Nights of Love” by crimethink for beginners
it is like a manifesto for non adherens to our society, read it.
Anyway, my idea was to manifest this everyday filming by giving it actual REAL space. I figured that if I could show exactly how many cameras I could potentially be filmed by just on my way from home to uni, then maybe I could start a discussion about surveillance and it´s effects on us. When actually seeing the things we naturally choose not to see, maybe the way you see these things change? And if someone could potentially look at you anytime anywhere, does that effect how you behave, good or bad?
so far I have photographed 63 cameras, and Im not even half way home. It´s an interesting process.